The EB-5 Visa Program enables foreign nationals to obtain permanent U.S. residency through capital investment in the United States that creates a new commercial enterprise or revives a troubled business and leads directly to job creation. There are 10,000 EB-5 immigrant visas available annually.
Two distinct EB-5 pathways are available for an immigrant investor to gain lawful permanent residence for themselves and their immediate family; the Basic Program and the Regional Center Pilot Program. Both programs require that the immigrant make an “at-risk” capital investment of either $500,000 or $1,000,000 in a new commercial enterprise located within the United States. (Investment depends on whether the investment is in a designated Targeted Employment Area (TEA) or not. TEA is defined by law as “a rural area or an area that has experienced high unemployment of at least 150 percent of the national average.”)
The new commercial enterprise must create or preserve 10 full-time jobs for qualifying U.S. workers within two and a half years of the immigrant investor’s admission to the United States as a Conditional Permanent Resident.